An echo is an ultrasound test used to evaluate the heart’s anatomy/blood vessels, blood flow, heart muscle function and pressures within the heart. It is similar to a “sonogram” during pregnancy.
An EKG helps to identify heart rhythm abnormalities. It can also provide information about the size and thickness of the heart chambers and position of the heart within the chest.
An exercise stress test is performed to assess the heart’s response to stress or exercise. The test is used to evaluate symptoms such as shortness of breath, lightheadedness, palpitations and chest pain.
A Holter monitor is a longer (24 hours up to 2 weeks) recording of the electrical activity of the heart. It is used to detect irregularities such as bradycardia (slow rate), tachycardia (fast rate) and abnormal rhythms. Since irregularities can be intermittent, the continuous 1- to14-day recording has a greater chance of detecting abnormalities.
A PFT is a test that determines how well your lungs work and diagnose lung diseases. It will determine how much air your lungs can hold and how quickly you can move air in and out of your lungs.
Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) measures your blood pressure over the course of a full day (24 hours). You will wear a blood pressure cuff on your upper arm that is connected to a monitor. The monitor records your blood pressure readings both while you are awake and asleep.